Table of Contents

    A note on measurements

    For consistency in the kitchen, you’ll want to measure your ingredients with a scale rather than with measuring cups. There are three systems of measure for recipe ingredients: American, Imperial, and metric. Certain units of measure are better suited for dry ingredients (mass) and others for liquid (volume).

    Let’s break down the difference:

    American Volume

    The most common unit of measure for the American cook. Measures the volume of both wet and dry ingredients using cups like 1 cup, 1/2 cup, 1/4 cup, etc.

    Imperial Fluid Ounces & Ounces

    Fluid ounces (written as fl oz) are a unit of volume used to measure liquid ingredients like 8 fl oz of milk. Because fluid ounces measure volume, or the space something takes up, 16 fl oz of one liquid is also 16 fl oz of another. Think about a 12 fl oz soda bottle. It will only hold 16 fl oz of liquid regardless of what you fill it with. If a recipe calls for fluid ounces, pull our your liquid measuring cups.

    Ounces (written as oz) are a unit of weight usually used for dry ingredients but can be used to weigh wet ingredients, too, like 5 oz of flour or 8 oz of milk. If a recipe calls for ounces, pull out your scale.

    Metric Grams & Milliliters

    Grams (written as g), like ounces, are a unit of weight used for both dry and wet ingredients. Ounces can be easily converted into grams.

    Milliliters (written as ml), are a unit of volume used to measure liquid ingredients.

    Here’s a list of my preferred conversions for some common and a few not-so-common ingredients. Use these as your personal guide, and remember, if a recipe provides conversions, always follow that as preferred measurements can vary from person to person.

    Last updated: July 29th, 2006

    Volume Conversions

    1 teaspoon = 4.929 milliliters, rounded up to 5 milliliters

    1 tsp
    5 ml
    2 tsp
    10 ml
    1 tsp
    15 ml
    2 tsp
    30 ml
    1/4 cup
    59 ml
    1/3 cup
    79 ml
    1/2 cup
    118 ml
    3/4 cup
    177 ml
    1 cup
    237 ml
    2 cups
    473 ml
    4 cups
    0.946 l
    1 gallon
    3.8 l

    Weight Conversions

    1 ounce = 28.349 grams, rounded down to 28 grams

    1/2 oz
    14 g
    3/4 oz
    21 g
    1 oz
    28 g
    1 1/2 oz
    43 g
    2 oz
    57 g
    3 oz
    85 g
    4 oz
    113 g
    5 oz
    142 g
    6 oz
    170 g
    7 oz
    198 g
    8 oz
    227 g
    16 oz
    454 g

    Flour & Spices

    All-purpose flour
    1 cup
    5 oz
    142 g
    Cake flour
    1 cup
    4.5 oz
    128 g
    Pastry flour
    1 cup
    4 oz
    113 g
    Cocoa, unsweetened
    1 cup
    3 oz
    85 g

    Sugar, Honey & Sweetners

    Sugar, granulated, white
    1 cup
    7 oz
    198 g
    Sugar, confectioner’s
    1 cup
    4.5 oz
    128 g

    Dairy & Eggs

    Milk, whole
    1 cup
    8 oz
    227 g
    Butter
    1 cup
    8 oz
    227 g
    Large eggs, in shell
    1 egg
    2 oz
    57 g
    Large eggs, out of shell
    1 egg
    1.8 oz
    50 g
    Large eggs, yolk
    1 yolk
    .60 oz
    17 g
    Large eggs, white
    1 white
    1.2 oz
    33 g

    Vegetables & Herbs

    Corn kernels
    1 cup
    5 oz
    142 g
    Fresh herbs
    1/2 cup
    1/2 oz
    14.5 g

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