A note on measurements

For consistency in the kitchen, you’ll want to measure your ingredients with a scale rather than with measuring cups. There are three systems of measure for recipe ingredients: American, Imperial, and metric. Certain units of measure are better suited for dry ingredients (mass) and others for liquid (volume).

Let’s break down the difference:

American Volume

The most common unit of measure for the American cook. Measures the volume of both wet and dry ingredients using cups like 1 cup, 1/2 cup, 1/4 cup, etc.

Imperial Fluid Ounces & Ounces

Fluid ounces (written as fl oz) are a unit of volume used to measure liquid ingredients like 8 fl oz of milk. Because fluid ounces measure volume, or the space something takes up, 16 fl oz of one liquid is also 16 fl oz of another. Think about a 12 fl oz soda bottle. It will only hold 16 fl oz of liquid regardless of what you fill it with. If a recipe calls for fluid ounces, pull our your liquid measuring cups.

Ounces (written as oz) are a unit of weight usually used for dry ingredients but can be used to weigh wet ingredients, too, like 5 oz of flour or 8 oz of milk. If a recipe calls for ounces, pull out your scale.

Metric Grams & Milliliters

Grams (written as g), like ounces, are a unit of weight used for both dry and wet ingredients. Ounces can be easily converted into grams.

Milliliters (written as ml), are a unit of volume used to measure liquid ingredients.

Here’s a list of my preferred conversions for some common and a few not-so-common ingredients. Use these as your personal guide, and remember, if a recipe provides conversions, always follow that as preferred measurements can vary from person to person.

Last updated: July 29th, 2006

Volume Conversions

1 teaspoon = 4.929 milliliters, rounded up to 5 milliliters

1 tsp
5 ml
2 tsp
10 ml
1 tsp
15 ml
2 tsp
30 ml
1/4 cup
59 ml
1/3 cup
79 ml
1/2 cup
118 ml
3/4 cup
177 ml
1 cup
237 ml
2 cups
473 ml
4 cups
0.946 l
1 gallon
3.8 l

Weight Conversions

1 ounce = 28.349 grams, rounded down to 28 grams

1/2 oz
14 g
3/4 oz
21 g
1 oz
28 g
1 1/2 oz
43 g
2 oz
57 g
3 oz
85 g
4 oz
113 g
5 oz
142 g
6 oz
170 g
7 oz
198 g
8 oz
227 g
16 oz
454 g

Flour & Spices

All-purpose flour
1 cup
5 oz
142 g
Cake flour
1 cup
4.5 oz
128 g
Pastry flour
1 cup
4 oz
113 g
Cocoa, unsweetened
1 cup
3 oz
85 g

Sugar, Honey & Sweetners

Sugar, granulated, white
1 cup
7 oz
198 g
Sugar, confectioner’s
1 cup
4.5 oz
128 g

Dairy & Eggs

Milk, whole
1 cup
8 oz
227 g
Butter
1 cup
8 oz
227 g
Large eggs, in shell
1 egg
2 oz
57 g
Large eggs, out of shell
1 egg
1.8 oz
50 g
Large eggs, yolk
1 yolk
.60 oz
17 g
Large eggs, white
1 white
1.2 oz
33 g

Vegetables & Herbs

Corn kernels
1 cup
5 oz
142 g
Fresh herbs
1/2 cup
1/2 oz
14.5 g

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